Studies

Monitoring gambling engagement and problem gambling in Europe
Monitoring gambling engagement and problem gambling in Europe

Responsible Gambling

Significant differences exist in how European countries monitor and report on problem gambling, according to a new study published by the City, University of London. The study found that just 12 countries have regular national surveys about problem gambling prevalence and significant differences exist in the measurement tools and methodologies used in these surveys. The study found that levels of problem gambling in European countries range from 0.3% to 6.4% of the adult population but significant differences in national survey methods, screening tools, survey timings and target age groups, makes any meaningful comparisons between countries difficult.

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Consumer protection in EU online gambling regulation (update)
Consumer protection in EU online gambling regulation (update)

Gambling in the Single Market

A new study has found that 10 EU Member States have strengthened their consumer protection rules for online gambling since 2018, including the introduction of new national self-exclusion registers in Czechia, the Netherlands, and Slovenia, but there is significant fragmentation in how Member States implement their consumer protection rules.

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An Optimum Betting Market: A Regulatory, Fiscal & Integrity Assessment
An Optimum Betting Market: A Regulatory, Fiscal & Integrity Assessment

Match Fixing

A first of its kind study assessing the regulation of betting in 20 jurisdictions across six continents and covering a range of licensing models. The study, conducted by leading global gambling data and intelligence company H2 Gambling Capital, evaluates the strengths and weakness of various regulatory frameworks for betting around the world. Consideration was also given to the effectiveness of betting product restrictions, along with the cost of match-fixing to the regulated betting sector globally. The study was commissioned by IBIA in partnership with EGBA, BGC, BOS, JDigital, NOGA.

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Consumer protection in EU online gambling regulation: Review of the implementation of selected provisions of European Union Commission Recommendation 2014/478/EU across EU States.
Consumer protection in EU online gambling regulation: Review of the implementation of selected provisions of European Union Commission Recommendation 2014/478/EU across EU States.

Gambling in the Single Market

A study by the City University London to review the implementation of selected provisions of the principles of the European Commission's Recommendation 2014/478/EU across EU Member States. The study reviewed specifically Member States rules addressing players’ identification, minors’ protection & social responsibilities measures. The study evaluates if the Recommendation sufficed to voluntarily nudge Member States to converge online gambling regulations and to achieve consistently high level of protection across the whole of the European Union.

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Study on the sharing of information and reporting of suspicious sports betting activity in the EU 28, Oxford Institute, 2014
Study on the sharing of information and reporting of suspicious sports betting activity in the EU 28, Oxford Institute, 2014

Match Fixing

The study focuses on the regulation of information collection, storage, and sharing of information on suspicious sports betting activity, examining both formal regulations imposed through the legal and official regulatory system in each of the EU 28 Member States, along with industry-led self-regulatory approaches. While it is less common for Gambling Authorities to have a direct obligation to collect and process information on suspicious sports betting activity, gambling operators do frequently have an obligation to report to the gambling regulator.

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Study on risk assessment and management and prevention of conflicts of interest in the prevention and fight against betting-related match fixing in the EU 28 , by Asser Institute, 2014
Study on risk assessment and management and prevention of conflicts of interest in the prevention and fight against betting-related match fixing in the EU 28 , by Asser Institute, 2014

Match Fixing

This report concerns the provisions and practices on betting-related match fixing in sports within the 28 Member States. Carried out in late 2013/early 2014, respondents in each Member State reported on that state’s gambling related provisions in respect of football and tennis and (in each country) a third sport determined on the basis of either its popularity (in terms of participation or television viewing) or the existence of betting-related “scandals” in that sport within that particular jurisdiction. Those reports helped the authors to compare the Member States’ regulatory and self-regulatory frameworks relating to risk assessment and conflict of interest management, with a view to indicating areas of best practice, identifying particularly good legislative frameworks and highlighting areas where change was either desirable or necessary. While some individual Member States have legislation which might provide templates that others could adapt for their own use, the authors were not convinced that “more law”, whether at the national or European level, was desirable. Rather, more effective cooperation among the stakeholders was identified as being more likely to provide tangible benefits than would new legal frameworks.

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